Example: Our local government has promised to improve air quality. So far, however, little has been achieved.
Example: There is little chance that we will succeed. Nevertheless, it is important that we try.
Mind you 不过
Example: I don’t like the job. But mind you/still, the money’s ok.
In spite of / despite 尽管如此
Example: The train was an hour late. In spite of this, I managed to get to the meeting in time.
A. First (ly), first of all, to begin / start with, in the first place, for starters
B. Second (ly), next, another reason
C. Third (ly), lastly, finally, for the last part, last but not least
Q: Do you think the government has a responsibility to encourage old people to learn new things?
A: NO, I don’t think so. First of all, learning new things is never easy, especially for senior citizens….Secondly, learning or not is one’s right…
在这个范例中，通过first of all 和secondly两个表达的应用，考官很容易就能get到考生要表达的观点。
Moreover, furthermore, in addition, as well as that, what is more/worse, besides, on top of that, another thing is…
Example: She borrowed my bike and never give it back. As well as that/ on top of that/ what’s more/ what's worse, she broke the microscope in our lab and pretended she hadn’t.
I mean 进一步解释说明
Example: The party was so boring. I mean, they all sat around and talked about football/shoes.
Actually 给出更多细节, 尤其是意想不到的内容
Example: The food in that restaurant was not all that experience. Actually, some were even cheaper than those all street side stalls.
That is to say, in other words 换句话说
Example: I can’t continue working with you. That is to say / in other words, unless you do something about your laziness, I will have to team up with someone else.
On the whole, in general, in all/most/many/some cases, broadly speaking, by and large, to a great extent, to some extent
By and large 总的来说
Example: By and large, Chinese people are peace-loving, law-abiding citizens.
To a great extent 很大程度上
Example: To a great extent, a person’s character is formed in their early childhood.
Example: She wrote all of the songs on the album except for the final track.
Example: Apart/Aside from the final track, all of the songs on the album were written by her.
With the exception of
Example: With the exception of the final track, this album is a huge disappointment.